As a result of the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007, there is now a single, coherent system of tribunals all operating within the same framework (although the Employment Tribunal sits outside this unified system). Tribunals are split broadly into the First-tier Tribunal to hear cases at first instance, and an Upper Tribunal to hear appeals from the First-tier Tribunal. Both the First-tier Tribunal and the Upper Tribunal are split into a number of specialist chambers. From the Upper Tribunal there is the possibility of appeal to the Court of Appeal and from there to the Supreme Court. As well as these routes of appeal, tribunals are also subject to judicial review.
The structure chart for the tribunals system in England and Wales can be found here.