Fire and rescue services in Wales are provided by three fire and rescue authorities, covering North Wales, Mid and West Wales and South Wales. Their core functions are promoting fire safety, fire-fighting, and responding to road traffic accidents and other emergencies. The Welsh Ministers exercise the majority of the executive powers in relation to fire and rescue services. They set the priorities and objectives for fire and rescue authorities and issue guidance as to how their functions must be exercised.
The Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004 (FRSA 2004) is the main legislation governing fire and rescue services in Wales. It makes provision in relation to the functions and constitution of fire and rescue authorities, firefighters' employment and other related matters. The other legislation relevant to fire and rescue services in Wales is listed under 'key legislation'.
The National Assembly for Wales has legislative competence to make laws relating to the subject of fire and rescue services, the provision of automatic fire suppression systems in newly constructed and newly converted residential premises and the promotion of fire safety otherwise than by prohibition or regulation.