Carbon capture and storage technology aims to prevent carbon dioxide emissions from entering the atmosphere, by capturing it at source and transporting it to a storage site such as a geological formation (including under the seabed).
In the UK, using or exploring (with a view to using) a “controlled place” to store carbon dioxide requires a licence. The licensing authority in respect of activities within a “Welsh controlled place” (onshore) is the Welsh Ministers. The procedure governing the circumstances in which licences are issued is set out in UK secondary legislation.
Key primary legislation
• Energy Act 2008
• Energy Act 2010
• Energy Act 2011
Key Subordinate legislation
• Energy Act 2008 (Consequential Modifications) (Offshore Environmental Protection) Order 2010 (SI 2010/1513)
• Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Licensing etc.) Regulations 2010 (SI 2010/2221)
• Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Termination of Licences) Regulations 2011 (SI 2011/1483)
• Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Amendment of the Energy Act 2008 etc) Regulations 2011 (SI 2011/2453)
• Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Access to Infrastructure) Regulations 2011 (SI 2011/2305)
• Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Inspections etc.) Regulations 2012 (SI 2012/461)
Key European Union Legislation
• Directive 2009/31 on the geological storage of carbon dioxide