Helping you understand Welsh law

Carbon capture and storage

Carbon capture and storage technology aims to prevent carbon dioxide emissions from entering the atmosphere, by capturing it at source and transporting it to a storage site such as a geological formation (including under the seabed).

In the UK, using or exploring (with a view to using) a “controlled place” to store carbon dioxide requires a licence. The licensing authority in respect of activities within a “Welsh controlled place” (onshore) is the Welsh Ministers. The procedure governing the circumstances in which licences are issued is set out in UK secondary legislation.  

Key legislation

Key primary legislation

• Energy Act 2008
• Energy Act 2010
• Energy Act 2011

Key Subordinate legislation

• Energy Act 2008 (Consequential Modifications) (Offshore Environmental Protection) Order 2010 (SI 2010/1513)
• Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Licensing etc.) Regulations 2010 (SI 2010/2221)
• Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Termination of Licences) Regulations 2011 (SI 2011/1483)
• Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Amendment of the Energy Act 2008 etc) Regulations 2011 (SI 2011/2453)
• Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Access to Infrastructure) Regulations 2011 (SI 2011/2305)
• Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Inspections etc.) Regulations 2012 (SI 2012/461)

Key European Union Legislation

• Directive 2009/31 on the geological storage of carbon dioxide

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