The routes to becoming a qualified school teacher are set out in the School Teachers' Qualifications (Wales) Regulations 2012, which are made under section 132 of the Education Act 2002. There is a requirement for newly qualified teachers in Wales to complete a period of statutory induction as set out in the Education (Induction Arrangements for School Teachers) (Wales) Regulations 2015.A qualified school teacher must be registered with the Education Workforce Council (EWC) to be able to teach in a maintained school in Wales.
In order to become registered, teachers have to satisfy a number of specified requirements under the Education Workforce Council (Main Functions) (Wales) Regulations 2015 including suitability. Further requirements include that a teacher cannot be subject to a disciplinary order made by EWC and cannot be barred from activities relating to children as regulated by section 3(2) of the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006.
The Education Workforce Council’s main functions are:
(a) to provide advice on matters related to the persons which it regulates and in relation to teaching and learning
(b) to undertake activities to promote careers in registrable professions
(c) to establish and maintain a register of teachers and learning support workers in schools and further education workers in Wales.
(d) to keep itself informed about the induction of persons and to hear appeals in relation to induction decisions
(e) to review and revise the code published by the Welsh Ministers which specifies standards of professional conduct and practice for registered persons
(f) to investigate unacceptable professional conduct and professional incompetence and take appropriate action in respect of registered persons, including making suspension orders or prohibition orders thus removing workers from the register.
(g) to hold such information about persons as may be specified and to provide information to such bodies as may be specified
Other education professionals
Under Schedule 2 to the Education (Wales) Act 2014 and the Education Workforce Council (Main Functions) (Wales) Regulations 2015 the following members of the wider education workforce are required to register with the EWC:
Further education teachers
A person may not provide education in or for a further education institution unless they are registered in the category of further education teacher with the EWC.. The Welsh Ministers also have the power to specify conditions to be complied with by or in respect of a person providing education in or for a further education institution in Wales.
Further education learning support workers
A person may not (directly or indirectly) provide learning support services (e.g. enabling or assisting a learner to participate in education) unless they are registered with the EWC in the category of further education learning support worker .
The Welsh Ministers can also in the future require the worker to have a specified qualification or experience or to complete a course or training.
School learning support worker
A person may not (directly or indirectly) provide learning support services (e.g. enabling or assisting a learner to participate in education) unless the person is registered with the EWC in the category of school learning support worker. In order to become registered, school learning support workers have to satisfy specified requirements under the Education Workforce Council (Main Functions) (Wales) Regulations 2015.
Workers in independent schools and other categories in the education workforce
Workers in independent schools are not required to register with the EWC. There is a power in the Education (Wales) Act 2014 for the Welsh Ministers to add workers from other categories (including workers at independent schools) to the list of workers required to register in the future.
Teachers Pay and Conditions
The function to set teachers’ pay and conditions in Wales (under section 122 of the education Act 2002) was transferred to the Welsh Ministers from the Secretary of State on 30 September 2018 under the Welsh Ministers (Transfer of Functions) Order 2018. The first teachers’ pay and conditions to be set by Welsh Ministers will apply from September 2019.