Fire and rescue services in Wales are provided by three fire and rescue authorities, covering North Wales, Mid and West Wales and South Wales. Their core functions are promoting fire safety, fire-fighting, and responding to road traffic accidents and other emergencies.The Welsh Ministers exercise the majority of the executive powers in relation to fire and rescue services. They set the priorities and objectives for fire and rescue authorities and issue guidance as to how their functions must be exercised.
The Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004 (FRSA 2004) is the main legislation governing fire and rescue services in Wales. It makes provision in relation to the functions and constitution of fire and rescue authorities, firefighters' employment and other related matters. The other legislation relevant to fire and rescue services in Wales is listed under 'key legislation'.
The law in relation to fire and rescue services in Wales is generally devolved to the National Assembly for Wales. However there are some reservations to be aware of, The subject matter of Part 1 of the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 is reserved, this includes process fire precautions, fire precautions in relation to petroleum and petroleum spirit, and fire safety on ships and hovercraft, in mines and offshore installations. All other aspects of fire safety in Wales, including regulation and prohibition are within the legislative competence of the Assembly.